Many mummies found in the Necropolis period showed an elongated skull which is associated with a high social status and power.The Paracas culture is also well known for performing cranial surgery called cranial trepanation in which a doctor would drill a hole in the skull to treat a psychological disorder, headaches or a fracture covering it with a gold plate.Textiles were considered a symbol of status and wealth, many mummies have been found wrapped in many layers of the finest embroidered tapestries symbolizing a person of power in the Paracas society.Their textile is considered the finest produced in Pre-Columbian America.Lima is located in the desert coastal strip where water is scarce and to cultivate the soil they needed to channel water from the few rivers that flow to Lima.In order to be able to irrigate their crops they built large aqueducts and canals, they were so large that even at the present time they confuse one of them for a river which they call Surco, which is really a large aqueduct for irrigation.The Paracas culture has two periods: Paracas Cavernas dating from 500 to 300 BCE and Paracas Necropolis from 300 to 100 BCE.
Those in charge of the temples were priests also know as shamans.
Their inhabitants became expert divers to be able extract mollusks from under the sea.
They were so skilled that they were capable to collect snails (thais chocolata) from over 8 meters under sea level.
These sculptures represented a metaphor of the universe as the Chavin inhabitants understood it. A common trait in the sculptures, ceramics, textile and metal work is the recurring themes such as feline faces, anacondas and flying caimans.
These anthropomorphic figures represent how locals imagined their gods would be.